How does light quality affect plant growth?
THE COLOR OR WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT
Light quality refers to the spectral distribution of light or the relative number of photons of blue, green, red and far red & other portions of the light spectrum emitted in a light source.
Photosynthesis requires light between 400 and 700 NM.
Spectroradiometer measures light quality.
Blue light promotes vegetative growth. If it is the only light, the plant will be shorter, hard and dark in color.
R:FR promotes stem elongation. If it is the only light, the plant will be soft and tall.
Red and blue light combined promotes flowering.
R:FR is the proportion of red light relative to the amount of far red light.
Plants that grow best under high light (full sun) are more responsive to changes in R:FR light than plants that tolerate low light (shade).
Light quality, quantity and duration affect plant growth.
The distribution of light and R:FR varies between light sources.
The large amount of far red light emitted from incandescent lamps and their low lamp efficiency illustrates some of the undesirable attributes of these lamps.
Plants grow to position their stems and leaves to receive the most amount of light possible.
There are peaks in the red and blue wavelengths where photosynthetic activity is higher.
Phytochrome is a type of receptor in the plant that is sensitive to R:FR and controls flowering in plants that are sensitive to day length.